The Problem with Dependence on Rainfall in Parts of Africa

It is no longer news that parts of Africa are ravaged by extreme droughts and devastating food shortages. In most of these places, farming is the main stay of the economy.

Over the years, farmers in Africa – both small and large scale have depended on rainfall as the source of water for their large expanse of farmlands. But things are about to change.

drought

With the current change in the world’s climate, leading to infrequent rainfall and unusually long dry seasons, farmers all over the world need to re-position themselves in order to remain productive.

One major way of ensuring they remain in the game is look for alternatives to rainfall by using irrigation in providing water for their farms. The damages already recorded in the severe effects of drought in many parts of Africa really far outweigh whatever costs implementing an irrigation system could take.

Sometimes, the costs involved may not even be astronomical in some environments considering that some farmlands are located beside large bodies of water, like dams, lakes or rivers.

However, the topography of Africa, and the fact that so many of these places that really need help are usually remote, makes them difficult to access for aid during difficult agricultural seasons.

The truth is that African governments need to make long term plans for providing rainfall alternatives for farmers. Large scale farmers also have to learn modern ways of irrigation used in other parts of the world.

The times when rainfall determines crop yield in farms is becoming a thing of the past, and farms all over the world need to rise up to the challenge of drought and food scarcity.

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