Tag Archives: Australia

Banteng (Bos javanicus)

 

Did you know?

That Banteng has been domesticated in many places, especially on the island of Bali? More than 1.5 million domesticated banteng, which are known as “Bali cattle” are in the islands of Indonesia. These easily hybridize with domestic livestock, and the resulting offspring is usually also fertile. Bali cattle was introduced in northern Australia where they established a feral pig population.

Adult male Bos javanicus have a coat of blue-black or dark brown. The longhorn is arched up and there is a hump on the shoulders. The head-body length is 180-225 cm, with a shoulder height of 60-70 cm and a weight of 500-900 kg.

Female Bantengs have a reddish-brown fur, small horns, no hump and are smaller than the male Banteng. Both sexes have white socks and white patches on the rump during their first year of life.

The Bos javanicus have disappeared from many areas due to habitat loss (Banteng habitat is the main habitat of domestic livestock) and the pressure for big game. The introduction of livestock diseases are also a threat to the Banteng in nature.

 

 

The Great Barrier Reef is Threatened

 

SYDNEY – UNESCO on Saturday urged Australia to take urgent measures to protect the Great Barrier Reef boom of mining and gas, threatened to add to the list of sites “at risk” of heritage.

Australia has launched an unprecedented program of investment in the exploitation of energy resources to meet the growing demand in Asia, with a pipeline of 450 billion Australian dollars (435 billion).

The largest coral reef in the world is not yet sufficiently affected to be declared in danger, but Unesco estimates that the number and size of projects, including those relating to liquefied natural gas (LNG), tourism exploitaion and mining represent a real threat.

The decline in water quality and climate change are major issues but it is “essential to limit economic development that threatens the strength of the reef,” said UNESCO.

The committee has threatened to close the site “in danger” if some of the biggest projects were not abandoned, giving eight months in Australia to adopt a more sustainable development charter.

The Australian Minister for Environment Tony Burke acknowledged that the reef was exposed “to risks of climate change and the impact of coastal development” and that Canberra was “well aware”.

“Despite the complexity of these issues, we are determined to cope by taking a series of provisions on the coast and marine environment,” said Burke.

Campbell Newman, the Premier of Queensland, who is locally responsible for the barrier, reminded him that his region was living in coal mining and that there was no question of endangering the future Economic Queensland but it would protect the environment.

The environmentalists have called for an awareness of the Government, the Australian Conservation Foundation (ACF) whereas the risk of being pinned by Unesco would be a “national disgrace” for the country.

A UNESCO mission came in March estimate the impact of the proposed natural gas development on Curtis Island has found serious consequences for the environment of the boom “unprecedented” Mining Development.

The port of Gladstone, a hub for exporting coal to Japan, India, North Korea and China, has undertaken massive expansion work which according to environmentalists, destroys Navy life.

UNESCO has estimated that environmental measures taken by the Government in Gladstone and Curtis Island, with an LNG project for an annual production of 12 million tons, were clearly insufficient to protect the reef.

Mr. Burke acknowledged that there were “significant decisions” to be taken regarding the future of the reef, but noted that some projects concern UNESCO had been revised downward since their visit.

Australia Wants to Get Elephants

Australia has a long and painful experience with alien species introduced by humans, who have profoundly affected the ecological balance of the continent. However, David Bowman, professor of ecology at the University of Tasmania, suggests that a possible solution to serious environmental problems in Australia would be … introduction of new alien species.

In a study published in the journal Nature, David Bowman explains that large areas of land in the country are extremely difficult to control situations such as natural fire extension and spread of invasive species of plants and animals.

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Country in the Pacific, Tuvalu remains without drinking water

Tuvalu, a small island country located in the Pacific Ocean, declared a state of emergency following a drinking water crisis. Officials said that in some areas of the country, drinking water stocks have ran out .

New Zealand’s Foreign Minister said that his country has worked with the Red Cross to send aid in Tuvalu. Two military aircraft C-130 type were sent to Tuvalu, carrying them on board two water desalination units and numerous containers containing water.

Secretary General of the Red Cross warned the people of Tuvalu not to drink water from wells. “This water is not good for consumption, we have already received several reports that the animals drank water from wells that have died,” he said.

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