Hilóquero, Pork Giant (Hylochoerus meinertzhageni)

Did you know?

That the giant forest hog is the largest member of the family of wild pigs?

The giant forest pig reaches a head to body length of 1.3 to 2.1 m and a weight of 130 to 275 kg. Males individuals in East Africa are larger in size than females and individuals from West Africa. They have a long black coat, but with age the animals tend to lose more and more his fur to look almost naked. They have fangs, which expand upwards and can grow to a length of 30 cm.

Mexican Red Leg Tarantula (Euathlus smithi)

Did you know?

That, though they have eight eyes, they do not have good vision, and then use the sensitive hairs of their legs to navigate? Palps at the end of the legs allow the spider to smell, take a taste and feel.

The red-legged Tarantula is a black spider with an abdomen covered with black guard hairs brown-orange. The shell is black resulting in a beige color perimeter. The legs are the characteristics of “knees” orange to dark orange-red. Tarantula males are big, reaching 55 mm in body length with a wingspan diagonally between the legs of approximately 150 mm. 

Females have a larger body, about 75 mm in length. The diagonal size between the legs is about 140 mm. The red-legged tarantulas are essentially nocturnal. They live on the floor, usually burrows. Like other spiders use silk for a variety of purposes including to seal the pieces together and to take the nest egg-shaped buds, but generally do not spin webs. The female lays 100-400 eggs. The offspring hatched between 1 month and 2 months ½ and ½.

Wolverine (Gulo gulo)

Did you know?

That the breeding occurs in the summer, but the birth, however, does not occur until the following winter/spring? Active gestation is 30-50 days, but due to delayed implantation, full gestation period may last 215-272 days.

The Wolverine is large and robust. They have a head-body length of 70-85 cm. The bushy tail has a length of about 25 cm. The weight is 30 kg, but females are smaller and significantly lighter than males. The Wolverines have long hair and thick dark brown with lighter bands extending from the shoulders to the flanks. The feet are large and helps them move through the deep snow. 

Like many other martens, wolverines can produce unpleasant musky odor of the anal glands for marking and defense. Mating season occurs from May to August, peaking in June. The implantation of embryos is delayed, and most births take place in February next year. The Wolverines reproduce slowly and the average litter size is only 2.2 pups. The cubs are born blind and weigh about 100 grams. Fledge is at 9-10 weeks and are almost independent in 6-7 months. Wolverine diet consists of hares, partridges, small rodents and reindeer, depending on snow conditions.

Puma (Puma concolor)

Did you know?

That the Puma’s population is the highest among any other mammal in the Western Hemisphere?

The Puma has big streaks of red, maroon, to grey. Pumas have a long body and a fairly long tail. The head to body length is 105-180 cm, and tail length is 60-90 cm. The weight is 35-72 kg.

Females are smaller than males. The head is relatively small, with visible black marks on the snout. The ears are short and rounded, and black on the back. Juveniles are marked with dark head, body and legs with spots and stripes on the tail. This marks disappear in an age of approximately six months.

Humboldt Penguin (Spheniscus humboldti)

Did you know?

That penguins live south of Ecuador, from the icy waters of Antarctica to the tropical islands of the Galapagos along the coast of Ecuador, almost on the Ecuador?

The Humboldt penguins are medium sized, about 58 to 65 cm in length and weigh about 4 kg. In adults, the head is black, except for the white line on each side of the crown encountering the upper chest white. The bill is black with a gray bar and margins prominent transverse fleshy at the base. The iris is reddish brown with a pink ring around the eye. The upper parts of the body and the palms are blackish gray, the underparts are mostly white with a black stripe on the chest extending down the flank to thigh. The tops of the palms have an off-white edge. The legs and feet are black with pink specks. 

Females are only slightly smaller than males, but are nearly equal. Humboldt penguins have developed a unique place to lay their eggs, called a Burrow, which makes digging holes into the layers of dry guano left by seabirds. Sometimes, they also nest in rock crevices. The birds breed throughout the year, according to availability of food and nesting sites. The male reaches a few days before the female and prepares the nest burrow. It uses its wings and feet to push and mold the manure to the desired shape, then seal dirt, rocks, and sometimes grass to finish.

 

Strawberry Anemone (Actinia fragacea)

Did you know?

That the California species, californica Corynactis share the same common name? In captivity, an anemone has lived for at least 18 years?

Strawberry Anemone is large with a foot wide, which can be 10 cm in diameter, as the crown of tentacles. The column is red to red dirty and stained green, yellow, blue or pink. The anemone points give this common name because they seem strawberry seeds. The tentacles are red, pink or purple. Warts type stains blue, white or pink, called acrorhagi, which bind to the gravel and stones may be present below the tentacles. The eggs are spherical and light beige. They feed on crustaceans, molluscs and fish. The mode of reproduction is still unknown. In captivity, an individual has been observed spawning eggs in large quantities. Therefore shrank, but regained its original size after 3 days. In winter, the strawberry anemone can migrate offshore, probably to prevent freezing.     

 

Mexico wants to turn trash into power plant

The Mexico City government launched the call for international tender to convert the recently closed landfill “The Bordo Poniente” a source of energy.

The notice provides for the granting of municipal solid waste found in the landfill of the city for the capture and use for 25 years of biogas generated by them for use as fuel and/or generate electricity.

The landfill, considered one of the world’s largest, was closed last December after 26 years of operation and having exceeded its maximum capacity of 16.9 million tons.

The bidding process

In the bidding process, which ends in August, priority will be given the option that provides for the construction of a biogas power plant, which requires “least subsidy”, and also meets the technical and environmental standards, said the city government said in a statement.

The mayor of Mexico City, Marcelo Ebrard’s leftist, said that the idea of ​​bidding is that other invest the resources to recover methane gas without using tax dollars.

Reduce 1.4 million tons of C02

This unprecedented project in Mexico will reduce about 1.4 million tons of carbon dioxide, the main greenhouse gas (GHG), said Martha Delgado, head of the Environment of Mexico City.

In the past three years local authorities launched a development plan for the utilization of waste from the landfill to reduce the arrival of waste.

Mexico City, which generates about 12,000 tons of garbage daily, has a population of about 20 million people including conurbation areas.

Caribbean Flamingo (Phoenicopterus ruber)

Did you know?

That most people will need a large colony for reproductive success? This is a problem for breeding flamingos in zoos. However, small groups have been misled to show reproductive activity by using mirrors.

The Caribbean Flamingo has a total length of about 120 cm. Male flamingos are slightly larger than females. The color of adult flamingos are pink salmon to vermilion.The color is deeper in the neck and on the wing covers. The primary feathers are black, but often hidden when the wings are folded. The beak is large and curved downwards. The lower third of the beak is black in color; the remainder is pale yellow to ivory. The eyes are yellow. Juveniles are mostly gray with a tinge of pink on the belly and wings.

White Whale (Delphinapterus leucas)

 

Did you know?

That the English name “Beluga” comes from the Russian vernacular name for the white whale, which is “Belukha”, “bel’ji” which means “white”? At birth, the beluga calves are generally gray to dark. Little by little, they are bleached with age and maturity, taking the characteristics of belugas white adults.

White whale adults are completely white, with no dorsal fin. The maximum length is about 4.5 meters, weighing around 1,500 kg. They have a small head with a short tip.The cervical vertebrae allow the head free to move and rotate. They usually live in groups of about 10 individuals, but during migration up to 10,000 individuals have been sighted.

 

South American Coati (Nasua Nasua)

 

Did you know?

That the coatis are so adapted to arboreal life and even breed in the trees and build nests for their young among the branches?

The South American Coati has a coat of red-brown to gray with lighter underparts.The short, powerful feet are black and have a colored tail with black to brown with yellow rings. The narrow, elongated head ends in a very flexible snout that gets under rocks and in crevices in search of food. The ears are small and rounded. The head-body length of this species is 41 to 67 cm, with a queue length of 32 to 69 cm and weight of 3.5 to 6 kg. 

The coatis are diurnal, terrestrial and arboreal. Males are often solitary and females and calves travel in groups of up to 30 animals. Members of the active groups emit constant sounds as soft whimper. Alarm calls consist of explosive barks and clicks. When issuing the alarm, all members of a group climb a tree to watch an average height. At night, coatis sleep in a treetop. They are opportunistic omnivores, feeding on fruits, invertebrates and small vertebrates.

Pallas Cat (Otocolobus manul)

Did you know?

That the vernacular name used in English, Pallas Cat, as discovered by the German zoologist, Peter Simon Pallas (1741-1811)? In 1767, Pallas was invited by Catherine II of Russia to become a professor of the Academy of Sciences in St. Petersburg, and between 1769 and 1774, led an expedition to Siberia collecting natural specimens under his name. He also explored the upper Amur, the Caspian Sea, the Urals and the Altai Mountains to the east, reaching the Lake Baikal.

The maul or Pallas cat is a kitten with a wide head and low set ears. The head-body length is 50-65 cm and weight of 2.5-4.5 kg. The tail is 21-31 cm long and thicker, with a large terminal tuft black, preceded by five or six narrow black rings. The coat is very thick, dense and smooth, with a dark lining and filling. These features are indicative of adaptations to cold. The color varies from light gray to yellowish red. The tips of the white coat of frost produced look. There is no colored band on the cord, but there are some faint black stripes on the sides. The fur on the bottom is dark and longer than at the top. There is marked sexual dimorphism.

 

Philippine tarsier (Tarsius syrichta)

Did you know?

“I have tarsiers as pets”, is not a good idea? Having them as pets bring problems because living tarsiers need food and usually survive only a few days if not properly fed. Another reason is that the tarsiers usually have intestinal worms to which humans are susceptible.

The Philippine tarsier is one of the smallest known primates. It has a brownish-gray fur and a tail nearly naked, except for a tuft of hair at the end of it. The middle finger is elongated. The length of the head and body is around 9-16cm. It weighs 90-160 grams. Females are smaller than males. The most conspicuous characteristic of a Filipino tarsier is that its eyes are huge. In proportion to its body, its eyes are the largest among mammals.