Category Archives: Climate Change

Is It Worth Investing in Perovskite Solar Cell Equipment?

The past several years has brought a surge of interest in renewable energy technologies from investors. The global demand for energy is continuously on the rise, and renewable sources like wind are becoming increasingly efficient and affordable. Now, investors are increasingly interested in the possibilities found in perovskite solar cell equipment.

What Is Perovskite Solar Cell Equipment?

Perovskites are a class of minerals with properties that make them ideal as photovoltaic solar cell material. Although research into their potential only began about ten years ago, researchers have already produced flexible, lightweight solar cells using perovskite thin films.

Today, research efforts are focused on turning this technology into something that can be made cheaply in large quantities to meet the burgeoning demand for solar energy.

Work into improving the efficiency of these cells has been remarkably successful; though devices using these materials were only 3.8% in 2009, in 2017, perovskite solar cells reached efficiency levels of up to 26.7% and 25.2%. That makes perovskite solar cell equipment the fastest-advancing solar technology to date.

Is It Worth the Investment?

A recent study predicts the renewable energy sector to rake in nearly $5.1 trillion in investment dollars for new power installations by 2030. That’s also the year Bloomberg foresees renewable energy sources accounting for 60% of all new power generation and 65% of power investment.

However, perovskite is far from the only renewable technology out there that has investors interested. Finance site Investopedia points to hydropower as the dominant renewable that will drive investment in the next few years, as companies like Alstom and Siemens push the technology forward. Wind energy has also experienced massive growth, both due to companies installing new window farms and improving the efficiency of existing installations.

That doesn’t mean you should discount the potential in solar, however. As mentioned, perovskite cells have advanced in efficiency faster than any existing solar tech so far. It’s rapidly becoming the tech-du-jour in the solar sector. Not to mention that the cost of producing solar energy is plunging worldwide, leading more and more governments to invest in solar installations in order to meet their clean energy goals.

Perovskite is certainly worth a look if you’re interested in the future of renewable energy from an investor perspective. I know I’ll be creating an alert for news items about the technology.

A Real-world Discussion About Greenhouse Effect

Exactly what is the greenhouse effect? The greenhouse effect is the capability of our planet’s atmosphere to trap and consist of heat. This heat is sourced from the sun and is reflected back to the atmosphere. Specific gases trigger this entrapment and they include co2, nitrous oxide, methane, fluorinated materials and water vapor. Other manufactured chemicals are likewise capable of keeping heat within the atmosphere.

Fifty percent of sunshine easily reach the earth’s surface, which is heated by this sunlight. The heated earth also irradiates heat. This heat, analogous to the heat of a greenhouse, can not quickly run away through the atmosphere into the universe. It is held in the atmosphere, mostly by water vapor and carbon dioxide. These 2 gases absorb the heat and move it back to the earth.

Adding to this greenhouse effect discussion

In itself, the greenhouse effect is not basically evil. It is this really phenomenon that has produced life on earth as we understand it. Think of the greenhouse effect as a natural thermal blanketing for our planet, preserving a surface temperature that is just right to motivate organisms to grow and survive. Without this blanketing, the earth’s climate would be too cold– about 59F lower than the average– for our planet to be able to sustain life effectively.

A Few Other Things

How does the greenhouse effect contribute to global warming? For more than 4 billion years, the greenhouse effect has kept our planet’s temperature at a friendly level. Gases found in the atmosphere act to trap heat and keep our planet insulated, able to sustain itself. Issues just began to occur when scientists saw that specific practices and human activities contribute to the modification of this process.

The greenhouse effect is required for the maintenance of an outstanding temperature on earth, greenhouse gases due to manufactured ways only accelerates the natural process. Fortunately, some alternative energy sources are now being made use of with solar panel systems, windmills, geothermal systems and hydroelectric dams. This has the ability to function as one of the solutions to attend to the global warming problem. This presumably would’ve assisted respond to the query of what causes the greenhouse effect.

When the Industrial Revolution began, we likewise designed many ways of utilizing nonrenewable fuel source for coal, gas and oil. The only method to make use of these fuels was by burning. As industrialization continued to broaden, so did the practice of nonrenewable fuel source burning, thereby launching gases into the atmosphere. The only problem was that these gases had nowhere else to go and have continued to develop over the years.

The even more greenhouse gases there are, the more heat stays within the earth-atmosphere cycle. Co2 is not the only gas that increases the temperature in the atmosphere. There is likewise methane, which is launched when forests are cleared by burning. It is likewise released by landfills and by many ruminants, such as beef cattle, sheep and goats. Carbon dioxide is exhaled by individuals and animals. It also gets away from volcanoes and is launched by burning of nonrenewable fuel sources. The ozone of the lower layers of the atmosphere is also among the greenhouse gases.

By developing, they cause the atmosphere to become more reliable in catching heat, causing climates to turn warmer. This man-made or abnormal result is described as global warming.

How global warming influences us We have been experiencing the effects of global warming for the previous years and the majority of these are felt through changes in the climate. However, it’s crucial to note that climate change is caused by other factors and not just as an indirect result of the greenhouse effect. Some of these factors include changes in the flow of the seas, changes in our planet’s orbit as well as changes in the intensity of the sun itself.

Global warming involves boosting in the average temperature of the earth’s atmosphere near its surface. While global warming is absolutely nothing brand-new to our planet (it has taken place over long periods in the earth’s 4.5-billion-year history rotating with glacial epoch), it is only now when its drastic changes on a global scale has dire effects not just for humankind but also to the millions of types that depend upon the earth for nourishment.

Climate Change Debunked

Climate Change has actually become a bit of a buzzword in today’s media. In the 1980’s and 1990’s, we frequently heard scientists and press reporters describe ‘Global Warming’, suggesting that our planet was getting warmer. That seems fairly evident, and is a precise description of exactly what appears to be happening. Warming may only be a catalyst for a change in the overall climate of our planet. Thus, the term ‘Climate Change’ was born. As opposed to a sweltering sauna of a planet, there may stand out shifts and alterations in different climates around the globe.

Climate change is a frightening thought. To think that our planet could be in the beginnings of a radical shift in weather patterns that may be permanent is frightening. The secret to understanding and preparing for any event is to get an idea of exactly what is the potential cause.

Climate Change: The sustained modifications in the regional weather elements over a long period. Climate change not only describes temperature however also incorporates changes in the wind patterns, humidity, rain and serious weather occasions.

Some Climate Change Ideas

The scientific community tends to concentrate on greenhouse gases as the driving force in climate change. An insufficient list of greenhouse gases would be: water vapor, methane gas, nitrous oxide and co2. The 2 getting one of the most press are methane gas and co2. Methane is discovered naturally as it is excreted from stock and their waste, as well as existing in large deposits in permafrost and other sources. Co2 is by and large guy made, being discharged from cars, boats, engines etc. Nearly all energy expenditure that is dependent on the burning of f=’/ Fos sil Fuels’) fossil fuels such as coal and oil, results in the release of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases.

In the same vein.

As atmospheric levels of greenhouse gases remain to rise, they function to trap the heat and energy originating from the sun. As an essential side note, there is a school of thought that solar variations are playing a large part in climate change on earth. In reality, it is most likely that there is at least some combination of solar variations and greenhouse gases. The essential element though, is that greenhouse gas exhausts are a concern we have at least some control over. We have no control over what the sun does, however we have a selection as to exactly what vehicle we drive, exactly how typically and far we drive it and so on

Continuing On….

Now that we have a passing understanding of what the 2 significant greenhouse gases are, and what some potential sources for them are, we can move into potential results of climate change.

The prospects of a warmer climate noise appealing if you are living in a cold environment. Whatever benefits could be obtained from a somewhat warmer climate, would likely be balanced out. Increasing seas due to glacial melting, disruptions to sea currents, potential long term dry spells and the influence on wildlife, wilderness, and human populaces are all real possibilities as both brief and long term results of climate change. Fortunate is that we can be prepared, and if sufficient individuals begin to take action, consisting of governments, we can ideally reduce if not stop climate change as we currently understand it.

It is a tall order, however the steps needed to start countering climate change start with the individual. Often, individuals planning to their governments to do something about it. Nevertheless, governments tend to have a short-sighted outlook considering they have to answer to the populace for their decisions. Everyone has to be aware of their ecological and environmental ‘footprint’ that they are leaving. It could not be too late to have an impact and leave a much better world to the next generation.

Greenhouse Effect Revealed

It appears that numerous changes have actually happened on the earth’s surface during the last century. The temperature across the globe rose by 1 % within a period of 100 years and this is not terrific information at all. Indeed, this refers grave issue and is supported by the fading away of ice and glaciers all around the world. It is believed that Global warming is the result of increase in the degrees of greenhouse gases in the earth’s crust mainly caused by the sun.

Sun is the major source of heat and energy for the earth. The sunlight consists of the electro-magnetic radiations that enter the earth’s surface and are absorbed by the earth. This leads to the development of infrared radiations that are emitted out into the space. The greenhouse gases like methane, carbon dioxide, trap these radiations and this outcome in the heating of the earth’s surface. The utmost result is the rise in the temperature of the earth leading to negative effects, unsafe for the existence of humanity.

And, to add to the discussion…

Green house gases have actually been in presence on earth for thousands of years. The Industrial Revolution in the 19th century caused the increase in the manufacturing of the gases. Carbons oxide, methane was released as a result of combustion of oil, gas and coal. It is the human activity that has actually been the source of the increasing the greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.

Current Greenhouse Effect News:

The increase in the level of greenhouse gases makes it simpler for these gases to trap the infrared radiations within the atmosphere of the earth. This has actually finally led to the radical rise in the temperature of the earth, exposing mankind to numerous threats. Polar caps, ice, glaciers and snow capped mountains are melting due to the rise in the temperature.

Going back to the times when the industrial revolution started, factories, trains, and ultimately automobiles, have burned nonrenewable fuel sources such as oil and coal, which were and still are, launching huge quantities of carbon dioxide, and other gas’s into our earths atmosphere. These green house gases, or caught heat near the surface of the earth, are formed by a natural procedure of the sun, and this is called the’ greenhouse effect’. The greenhouse effect, begins with the sun and the energy it radiates to the earth. The Earth and the atmosphere absorb some of this energy, and the rest is radiated back into space. Now with that being shared, these normally happening gases, in the atmosphere trap some of this energy and mirror it back, hence, warming the earth. Scientists now believe that the greenhouse effect is getting magnified by all the additional greenhouse gases that humans are launching.

It is clearly known that it is the human activity that has resulted in the increase of greenhouse gases in the earth’s atmosphere resulting in global warming. With little modifications in the human activities can decrease the discharges of carbon and methane. Use of natural gas, solar and wind energy can assist in curbing the emissions of carbon and methane. We will undoubtedly be able to reduce the manufacturing of greenhouse gases and lower the global warming once we regulate the carbon emission.

Examining Climate Change

Point out climate change and many people will inform you it has a lot to do with the weather condition however in actuality climate change is more. From carbon offsetting, to managing of waste to the sustainability of the world, climate change has a fantastic influence on each person. Those who take the time to understand real climate change and some of the influences that cause such change are commonly stunned to find just how fantastic of an impact exists from the climate, exactly what impact that climate can have on each person and the actions that can be taken in a group effort to ensure a positive climate change for the future.

Fact: The climate is changing. It is actually changing for millions of years and will remain to change.

The climate or environment is the environment surrounding you wherever you are, whether it is your office or home or anywhere else. Worldwide climate change is of the utmost concern and has come around as an outcome of things like energy consumption, the manufacturing of carbon, the increasing variety of automobiles on the road and so on and we have to remain to advertise renewable energy schemes and public policy lobbying for these efforts if we are to reverse some of the damage currently done. As you might understand, the more outlets that are powered by renewable resource, the even more energy consumption can remain to be cut. Minimizing gas and electricity consumption and making use of renewable energy rather can just be excellent information about the natural surroundings.

Some Climate Change Ideas

Renewable energy is energy that originates from endless sources. This is in contrast to coal and petroleum, which are nonrenewable fuel sources that exist in a limited quantity and are for that reason non-renewable. Examples of renewable resource (in some cases called alternative energy) are wind, geothermal, and solar power, as well as hydropower and biofuels. As it pertains to climate change, renewable resource is not just crucial since we won’t run out, however, mostly because it does not produce carbon dioxide.

Carbon offsetting is an effort aimed to lower the amount of carbon being left to toxin the earth and includes things like planting trees which take in carbon. This is just suitable to carbon emissions caused by the planes, however, automobiles and other sorts of equipment likewise halve carbon emissions that can affect and change your state of mind if you are consistently exposed to them.

For this reason, modifications made to decrease carbon emissions are progressively important and are becoming the focus of many carbon offsetting initiatives.

Another location in which climate change can be adverse is by the use of hazardous fuels that are removed from sources such as oil. These hazardous fuels can cause significant harm to the climate if left uncontrolled. A sound understanding of how climate change occurs paves the way to being an informed energy user as well as somebody who makes sound selections that assist to promote positive rather than unfavorable climate change. There are numerous climate change charities and companies working full-time on efforts to produce long lasting and positive change through these initiatives so there are always resources and occasions for those who want to, to get involved in.

Learn all the realities about climate change online and see how you can get involved in everything from reducing your carbon footprint to helping to eliminate worldwide poverty.

Discussing Greenhouse Effect

The greenhouse effect is a procedure that can be either natural or manmade. The natural greenhouse effect keeps the Earth habitable. The climate is kept relatively warm when the atmospheric greenhouse gases absorb thermal radiation from the Earth’s surface and re-radiates it in all directions.

Because one of the directions the energy is re-radiated is towards the Earth’s surface (and the lower atmosphere) the temperature on our planet is more than it would have looked like if we were only heated by solar radiation.

Although it is referred to as the greenhouse effect this natural mechanism is actually different than what goes on in a greenhouse. In that a bit of a physical structure the inside air is isolated so that heat is not lost by convection.

Broadening this discussion

However, when most people speak about the greenhouse effect they’re referring to what has become of our planet due to the manmade addition of gases to the atmosphere. These gases were released by the combustion of fossil fuels such as crude, coal, and natural gas. These additional gases have trapped a number of the aforementioned radiation that would normally have escaped from our planet. In so doing they have done our planet warmer than it would’ve been.

Greenhouse Effect; There’s Even More……

Simply put, global warming is an abnormal rise in the average near surface temperature of the planet. This ‘abnormal rise’ can be explained to several underlying factors, including pollution and deforestation, all of which amount to enhanced greenhouse effect. When the Sun’s thermal radiations are trapped by greenhouse gases within the Earth’s atmosphere, they add to the near surface temperature of the globe and cause it to rise. More lately, the concentration of these greenhouse gases in the atmosphere has risen by a significant amount. This increase in concentration of greenhouse gases, in turn, results in increase of the quantity of heat trapped within the atmosphere, and finally contributes to global warming.

It’s as if a blanket was thrown over the planet. That blanket is now keeping the upper strata of the atmosphere colder and the lower layers warmer.

Water vapor is responsible for about eighty-to ninety per cent of the natural greenhouse effect. The balance is caused primarily by carbon dioxide and methane, along with a series of minor gases.

Over the past 150 years our planet has been getting warmer. Many scientists think that this has been caused by cement being produced, the increased concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere that has been the outcome of the fossil fuels being burned, and the rainforests being burned.

In 1960 the Mauna Loa observatory measured a 313 ppm concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. In 2010 it had soared almost 20% to 389 ppm. Ice core data indicate that the maximum level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere had been fewer than 300 ppm, as a matter of reference. Over the eight hundred thousand years prior to the Industrial Revolution the level of carbon dioxide varied from 180 ppm to 270 ppm.

The fundamental factor effecting climate variations over those 800, 000 years, according to peleoclimatologists, has been the level of carbon dioxide in the Earth’s atmosphere.

Venus, the second planet from our sun, has undergone a runaway greenhouse effect. That involves water vapor and carbon dioxide. It led to the evaporation of all greenhouse gases on that planet.

The Latest On Climate Change

The general state of the Earth’s environment is largely impacted by the amount of heat is saved in the atmosphere. The causes of environmental change is not just due to manufacturing pollution of the environment, but also since the modifications in the amount of greenhouse gases in the air which have actually taken place naturally throughout the history of the Earth. Then there are also various other procedures that alter the environment of the earth extremely, really slowly over millions of years. This is why the research task like these are crucial for us to understand these natural processes.

It is true that climate modification has actually naturally occurred over a duration due to elements like solar activity, dust in the environment and volcanic activity. Nonetheless, in the current years, human factors have affected climate modification substantially. To produce a demarcation in between the two terms, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Changes (UNFCCC) utilizes the term ‘environment modification’ to indicate the modifications in the composition of the environment and the resultant climate variations due to human activity, while the term ‘environment irregularity’ refers to the natural environment modifications.

Climate Change Conundrum

Much has actually been said about environmental change over the last few years and with remarkable findings such as this ice core, it reveals yet once again the number of tricks the ice holds, for our world and beyond.

Impact of Climate Change on Crop Production

imagesCrops have always been sensitive to climate change. Even a single season of not enough or too much rainfall, a hot spell or cold snap at the wrong time, extremities of weather such as floods and storms; all have a debilitating effect on crop yields and livestock production.

That was one side of the picture. The other of the picture is totally opposite. One recent research of Stanford University reports 5% increase in global production of maize and wheat since 1980, as a result of to climatic changes. Raised carbon dioxide concentrations – the main cause of climate change – could increase production of some crops, such as rice, soybean and wheat.

The future course of global food production will depend on how well societies can adapt to such climatic changes. According to IPCC, the agriculture of poorer, low-latitude countries, would be seriously challenged as climate rises 3*C than normal. The richer, higher latitude countries have greater capacity to adapt to the changing climatic conditions.

Climate changes affect agricultural production by causing variation in the timing and intensity of rainfall and shift in temperatures and carbon dioxide concentrations. As a result of climate change, crops normally seen growing in the south of Europe will be able to be grown further north. This would allow more sweet-corn, grapes, sunflowers, soya and maize to be grown in Britain. In Scotland, livestock farming could become more suitable. At the higher latitudes warmer temperatures are predicted to lengthen and increase the intensity of the growing season. But more CO2 and a major temperature rise could cut yields by around 10% later in the century.


How Predictable Has Earth’s Climate Been?

In the 1970s, when we had fairly stable climate conditions, there were speculations that the earth could be going into a very cold period. This proved to be incorrect because temperatures warmed up and the global warming mantra kicked off.

We experienced a period of severe weather conditions after this period, and then we started hearing ‘climate change’ all over the world.

The question now is this: have we really been able to correctly predict what the earth’s weather is going to be, or are we simply figuring out words to falsely predict our planet’s weather? It just seems as though the earth is simply following a systematic pattern or cycle that we have not been able to correctly understand.

We really have to admit that the global warming exponents have been very flexible and adaptable about the answers given to bugging questions concerning our earth’s climate.


Recently, we have had a new phrase in our climate change dictionary: Global Climate Disruption. It has been said that climate change is directly related to the frequency of hurricane occurrence on the earth.

This raises another question, how then do we explain some really weird events in the earth’s weather that took place in the early 1930s and those hurricanes that happened before we started naming them?

In fact, so many of the predictions concerning climates have proved false, leading us to wonder what premeditates those climate alarms.

Well, we can only conclude that the earth has been going through series of cycles in its climate, and until we come to understand it, we can only speculate at best.

Are We Still Expecting Earth’s Polar Shifts?

Polar shifts were predicted for the earth by some theorists; suggesting that the earth was going to be turned over on its axis, resulting to the South Pole becoming the north, while the North Pole takes over the position of the south.

We already know that the earth rotates on its axis, and by this rotation we are able to correctly calculate the locations of the North and South Poles. The polar shift will have adverse and catastrophic environmental effects on the earth were it to occur.

The earth will experience tsunamis, volcanoes, tornadoes, earthquakes as well as hurricanes. There are going to be severe and dramatic changes that will permanently affect the planet and the lives within it. The only way to describe the destruction that will face the earth in such situations is disaster for mankind, because of the loss that will be experienced in terms of communication, electricity and infrastructure.


But today, we have not gotten any real warning regarding the earth’s polar shift from any government or scientific agency. The question now is this, was the information on earth’s polar shift true or was it purely conspiracy and rumor?

If it was true, then we can conclude that probably it was announced too early, or that it isn’t going to happen anymore. Otherwise, it remains to be seen what feedback the announcement of such disaster is supposed to generate for the announcers.

Of course, it is everyone’s heart desire that such does not happen to our planet anytime, now or in the future.


Climate Change – A Brief Overview

The term climate change has gained more usage in the last few decades when more and more concerned citizens become acutely aware of the changes in climate that are happening in their area. Many believe that the changes in the climate are direct consequences of human activities that have boomed over the last century. Here’s a quick look at what is climate change.

So what exactly is climate change? When people are talking about climate change, they’re talking about exactly that – the changes that happen in the climate. These changes are caused when natural processes like volcanic eruptions or the cyclic changes in solar activity give direct impact to the climate system. However, it is a general consensus now that the recent climate change is caused by human activities.

Are we really causing climate change? The climate has changed throughout the history of the world – the ice age showed us that. However, with the increase of industrial activities by human in the past century or so, climate change has been attributed to human activities. Burning of fossil fuels, increasing number of coal-fired power stations and major deforestation all contribute to the release of greenhouse gas. This gas forms a blanket over the Earth and traps heat, causing average temperature to increase and therefore warming certain parts of the world.


Is climate change that bad? If unaddressed, yes. Climate change will cause excessive heat on the Earth’s surface. This in turn will melt glaciers and causes sea level to rise, flooding lower landed areas. There will be more carbon dioxide content in the air and this can affect the natural make up of crops and plants’ growth, throwing it out of scale.

Scientists around the world are working hard in addressing climate change so that it can be contained and not disrupt the Earth’s natural temperature and balance.

Climate Change vs. Global Warming

These terms are often interchangeably used by those describing the conditions of the Earth’s temperature. Understanding the causes and effects of the two will help to distinguish the difference between climate change and global warming.

Global warming is caused when the sunray penetrates the Earth’s ozone layer, releases its heat and the heat is unable to escape the Earth’s atmosphere. The heat is unable to escape the atmosphere because it is blocked by the greenhouse gas, which is a type of gas that is caused by human activities such as burning of fossil fuels and excessive release carbon dioxide. Other than carbon dioxide, this gas is made of water vapor, methane and nitrous dioxide. This gas forms a blanket around the Earth and warms the surface area, causing the average temperature to rise. With global warming, the average temperature rises but it can also mean certain parts of the Earth cools. Generally, global warming describes the continued increase in average global surface temperature.


Climate change on the other hand is caused by natural processes of the Earth like volcanic eruptions that cause changes in the climate system. These processes alter the climate by changing the average conditions like every day temperature and the changeability in weather. Certain climate change side effects like the increase acidity in the ocean that causes coral bleaching is not caused by global warming but rather by the increase of carbon dioxide in the ocean water due to excessive carbon in the air. Recently, climate change has been attributed to the increase of human activities.

So, in other words, global warming is actually a part of climate change’s side effect, making the climate change the bigger piece of the puzzle. Although some may argue on the distinct difference between climate change and global warming, they are essentially talking about the same thing – the changes in the Earth’s condition due to human activities.