Category Archives: Animals

Banteng (Bos javanicus)


Did you know?

That Banteng has been domesticated in many places, especially on the island of Bali? More than 1.5 million domesticated banteng, which are known as “Bali cattle” are in the islands of Indonesia. These easily hybridize with domestic livestock, and the resulting offspring is usually also fertile. Bali cattle was introduced in northern Australia where they established a feral pig population.

Adult male Bos javanicus have a coat of blue-black or dark brown. The longhorn is arched up and there is a hump on the shoulders. The head-body length is 180-225 cm, with a shoulder height of 60-70 cm and a weight of 500-900 kg.

Female Bantengs have a reddish-brown fur, small horns, no hump and are smaller than the male Banteng. Both sexes have white socks and white patches on the rump during their first year of life.

The Bos javanicus have disappeared from many areas due to habitat loss (Banteng habitat is the main habitat of domestic livestock) and the pressure for big game. The introduction of livestock diseases are also a threat to the Banteng in nature.



Tokyo-Born Baby Panda Dies of Pneumonia


A panda born at a zoo in Tokyo last week has died. Ueno Zoo said that the six-day giant panda died of pneumonia. A zoo guard found him not breathing, at the chest of his mother. The baby male, who had not yet been named, died an hour later, despite being subjected to cardiac massage.

It was the first panda born in the zoo since 1988 and was conceived naturally. Its mother, Shin Shin, was brought from China shortly before the earthquake and tsunami last year occurred in eastern Japan.

The expected birth has been celebrated around the country, and the news of its death led television news on Wednesday afternoon.

Giant pandas have a low birth rate, and artificial insemination is common in captive breeding programs.

Bateleur (Terathopius ecaudatus)


Did you know?

That Bateleur eagles are among a group of raptors that secrete a clear fluid and salt from their nostrils while eating? This is due to the need for the birds to be used in extrarenal mechanism of secretion of salt to help water reabsorption.

The adult Terathopius ecaudatus has a tightrope belly. Its head, neck, wings have black feathers, while the back is brown-red. The skin of the face of the adults Bateleur, as well as the bill and legs are bright red, while the eyes and the tip of the beak are black. The secondary wing feathers are ash gray with black tips, while the wings are white underneath. The feathers extend to the toes. The Bateleur have long pointed wings and relatively very short tail.

The male Terathopius ecaudatus are smaller than females. Immature eagles are brown and it takes 8 years to get the adult plumage color. The tightrope walker is an excellent flier and spends most of the day in flight, often flying over a huge area in search of prey. It has spectacular aerial displays, especially to attack the enemy or in courtship.

Veterinarians Warn Increase of Animal Diseases in Humans


The College of Veterinary of Murcia and the Health Department yesterday, presented an information campaign, in order to prevent the spread of animal diseases to humans, called zoonoses. The campaign stresses on veterinarians to checks on pets regulary, as some pets can carry diseases like rabies or leishmaniasis.

The Department of Food Safety and Zoonoses conducts an annual rabies campaign in the region. Furthermore, the incidence of echinococcosis, which is a parasitic disease virtually disappeared in domestic dogs since 2003 and there are no human cases for 15 years.

However, a significant recurrence of leishmaniasis in both dogs and humans have been detected. Influence on the causes of zoonotic agents adapts to new host ranges and demographic changes in human populations. According to the Zoonoses Service of the Ministry of Health, the number of infections to humans doubled in the last year, and all of them are very serious prognosis. In 2011, there were two cases of dog bites infection that required antibiotic treatment. Human cases of spotted fever related to ticks, which is a mite that is playing this summer on a massive scale in the region by the excessive heat, also appeared.



Hartmann Zebra (Equus zebra hartmannae)



Did you know?

That there are two subspecies of Mountain Zebras in Southern Africa? The Cape Mountain Zebra (Equus zebra zebra) is the smallest of existing zebras and more restricted geographically. It was almost extinct, but was saved through the creation of national parks and wildlife reserves. The Cape Mountain Zebras do not exist in zoos.

The Hartmann’s Zebra is a donkey-like member of the family of horses, with quite large body that is straight and narrow. These zebras are fast growing. The Hartmann Zebras are the only zebras a dewlap—a fold of skin hanging below the throat that is commonly associated with cattle. There is a grid pattern on the rear, which includes a series of short transverse strips perpendicular to the dorsal line, not found in other horses.

The Equus zebra hartmannae‘s legs are striped to the hooves and the belly is white. Like most zebras, its stripes are black. The stripes are wider at the top of the hind legs. There are two subspecies of the Mountain Zebra (Equus zebra): The Mountain Zebra Hartmann and Cape Mountain Zebra (Equus zebra zebra).

The Cape Mountain Zebra is the smallest of the wild horses, while the Hartmann’s Zebra is considerably larger, with a maximum weight of about 340 kg and a shoulder height of 150 cm. Bands tend to be narrower and closer together than the Cape Mountain Zebra.




Orange-Bellied Parrot (Neophema chrysogaster)



Did you know?

That the Orange-bellied Parrot is threatened mainly due to competition for food by bird species, as well as predation introduced  by cats and foxes?

The Neophema chrysogaster is a small bird with a length of about 20 cm. The adult male Neophema chrysogaster has a graduated tail and has about half the total length. The crown, back and rump are bright green. Its chest and face are yellowish green. It has a greenish-yellow abdomen with a large red patch orange. As for the wings, they are blue. The top of the queue is blue-green, the bottom of the tail is yellow.

The female is duller than the male and the frontal band is lighter and lacks the top.

Spotted Turtle (Homopus signatus)


Did you know?

That the spotted turtle is the world’s smallest turtle? Adults reach a length of 9.5 cm and a weight of 140 grams only.

The spotted turtle is the world’s smallest turtle reaching a maximum carapace length of 11 cm. Females tend to grow larger than males. The shell is compressed dorso-ventrally and have tubercles on the buttocks. Two subspecies have been described. The shape of the north (signatus signatus Homopus), found from the Orange River (border with Namibia) to the Olifant river in the south and from the Atlantic coast to inland Gamoep on the western fringe of the Bushmanland.

The other subspecies, (Homopus signatus) is located south of the Olifants River to Piketberg and Citrusdal in the Cedarberg in the south and to the east. The northern subspecies are distinguished by a more serrated back edge and a different color to penalties. While the northern subspecies have a brown shell with black spots, splashes and stripes, the southern subspecies is not always light brown, but can be orange-red or pink salmon. The design of this subspecies is composed of many splashes and stripes that are much finer and shorter.

The species lives in arid rocky regions and relatively succulent and savanna of the small Karoo Namaqualand and the Great Western from sea level to 1,000 m above sea level. In the south is also in the northern area of ​​fynbos. Usually uses rock crevices for shelter, but have no link with cracks as specific as Turtle wedge. The natural distribution area receives winter rainfall and hot dry summers.

While the biology and ecology of the southern subspecies is not well known, we know that the season’s main activity is nort subspecies of spring, which show a unimodal activity pattern, which changes to a pattern of activity bimodal in summer. The activity is reduced in the summer, and increases again in the fall. During the winter, at least the northern subspecies are inactive. The egg laying takes place in the spring months. The litter consists of a single large egg, but at least under human care a female can produce up to four litters in a season.

The Homopus signatus is a herbivorous species which feeds on leaves and flowers of many different plant species. For northern subspecies at least 11 different species of plants from which it feeds have been identified, with Oxalis sp. and Leysera tenella being the most popular.

Reddish Egret (Egretta rufescens)


Did you know?

That during the years 1800 and 1900, this species was hunted for its feathers, which were then used to adorn women’s hats? This persecution resulted in a severe population decline and although the species is now completely protected in most of its range, it is still recovering from the devastation of 100 years ago. The biggest threat they have now is the degradation and destruction of habitat.

The reddish egret is of medium size, with a length of 76 cm and a weight of 500 grams. It is thin and has a long beak and a long thin neck.

The plumage is characterized by lanceolate feathers on the neck. There are two color phases: in the dark phase, the body is gray, while the head and neck are reddish cinnamon. In the white phase, its plumage is completely white. The iris is pale yellow, and the bill has a flesh color with a blackish tip. As for the legs, they are black.

The Egretta rufescens lives in coastal areas, where they are quite lonely. However, they may form loose groups or partner with other egrets or herons, such as snow and little blue herons. They eat and congregate separately to rest. They nest in the ground or in the mangroves, which is 1 to 5 meters above water level. A clutch consists of usually 3 eggs that is of pale green color.

Proboscis Bat (Rhynchonycteris naso)


Did you know?

That Proboscis Bat is one of the smallest bats?

The Proboscis bat is a small bat, whose forearm varies between 35 and 41 mm long and the average weight is just about 4 g. The Proboscis Bat’s is mottled brown to grayish, with two whitish stripes on the back and lower legs. The bottom of the animal is pale brownish gray.

The coat is soft and dense, and the membranes and ears are dark brown. They have prominent ears that are narrowly rounded.

The Rhynchonycteris naso tend to settle on groups from 3 to 45 in line, one over the other sections 2 to 4 cm, for example, in the bottom of a large branch or trunk of a tree.

White Heron (Casmerodius albus)



Did you know?

That this species is sometimes placed under the genus, Egretta or Ardea?

The length of the great white heron is about 95 cm. This is an unmistakable bird, that is much larger than all other white herons. The plumage is white with fine feathers on the back. The peak of adults is temporarily yellow, turning black just before the breeding season. The legs and feet are completely black.

The Casmerodius albus perches in groups, but it is quite solitary, except during the breeding season. They hunt fish, insects, frogs and small animals that are trapped, waiting still, or wading in shallow water.



Common Seal (Phoca vitulina)


Did you know?

That the common seal milk contains up to 45% milk fat? This allows the puppy to grow to more than double its weight at weaning.

The common seal is an earless seal. The head is rounded and have large eyes. The front wings are relatively small, flexible and equipped with five digits. The coat in adults is short and stiff, and no appreciable amounts of undercoat. Adult males usually measure 1.4-1.9 m in length and weigh 55-170 kg, while females are smaller, measuring only 1.2-1.7 m in length and weighing between 45-105 kg.

There is, however, some variation in body size within the range of values ​​occupied by the species. Seals of Alaska and Western Pacific are significantly larger than the Atlantic and the southern areas of the Eastern Pacific. Hokkaido seals appear to be the largest, with an average length of 1.9 m for adult males and 1.7 m for adult females.

The cubs are usually born measuring between 70-100 cm in length and weighing 8-12kg. Most of the male seals reach sexual maturity at 5-6 years of age, and females earlier at 2-5 years. The male seals have a shorter life expectancy than females, possibly due to stress caused by competition and struggles during the breeding season. They can live to about age 20, and females to about 25-30 years.

Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus)


Did you know?

That the Asian elephant is more closely related to the mammoth, which became extinct about 3,000 years ago?

The Asian elephant differs from its African cousin by the contour of the spine that is convex, with the highest points of the silhouette to the head and sloping hindquarters, wide forehead and small ears. The shoulder height in males is up to 330 cm, the head to body length is 550-640 cm.

The Elephas maximus can weigh up to five tonnes (males). Females are smaller and lighter than males. The head is large, the forehead is flat, vertical and two humps on top. The surface of the trunk is smooth and has an extension similar to a finger tip. The ears are relatively small and more or less pentagonal.

Females usually have no visible teeth and males at times. If present, are curved and leaner. The legs are shorter than in the African species. They have five claws on each forefoot and four on each hind foot. The African elephant’s  fur is softer than the African elephant. The color is dark gray to brown, often spotted on the forehead, ears, base of the trunk and chest with flesh-colored spots.

The hair cover is sparse, but are long, stiff and bristly.